View credits, reviews, tracks and shop for the Gatefold Vinyl release of History Of British Rock, Volume Three on Discogs.4/5(3). Find album reviews, stream songs, credits and award information for History of British Rock, Vol. 3 - Various Artists on AllMusic. Find album reviews, stream songs, credits and award information for History of British Rock, Vol. 3 - Various Artists on AllMusic Concrete and Clay. Tommy Moeller / Brian Parker. Unit 4+2. Amazon: 8. Mar 23, · In when I turned 20, I purchased "History of British Rock," due that they have The Honeycombs' hit song on this compilation. Alas, this collection brought memories back to me in the same manner as Marcel Proust's character taking a bite of the French cookie/5(40).
He wrote that his cement had been around for years in Northern England, fraudulently claiming his own "Portland cement" was the same recipe his father had developed. William's firm managed to buy out another cement factory, yet within a year the company went bankrupt. William found new inexperienced investors and began a new firm using one of his previous factories. He published more lies. This time he claimed that his father's Portland cement had been around sinceand that it was used in one of England's most grueling construction projects: the Thames Tunnel.
Several men died due to flooding during the then-recent construction project. William claimed that workers used Portland cement to patch up holes when the river leaked into the tunnel. The reality behind these stories is that the holes were patched with clay, and inJoseph Aspdin was still stealing limestone from the street. Records on how William's second partnership ended are also scarce, but his third business enterprise is well-documented.
One day, the board of directors granted William GBP to invest in the factory. William was instructed to buy a steam engine—and he did, for only 80 GBP. The rest of the money went into William's pocket. Upon learning that he forged the receipt, the board of directors investigated William. They soon learned that he had swindled them from the beginning. He had embezzled funds allocated to the firm. He created records of fake employees and took home the salaries.
William was out. But not for long. He quickly found yet another investor and started a fourth cement business. Around this time—in the s—competitive firms tried to figure out the recipe for his Portland cement. To hide his secret of over-kilning the cement mixture, William displayed different chemicals on the open floor of his factory for everyone to see.
Nevertheless, William eventually stopped paying rent on the factory and was arrested for longstanding debts. His fourth partnership ended. He moved to Germany and bounced around from cement business to cement business before falling and hitting his head. He died in at age In the mids, most industrialized countries were making Portland cement on their own. Around this time, the United States, Britain, and France each had the same idea to increase concrete's tensile strength, or its ability to resist an exerted force.
Concrete could be poured over iron bars to form reinforced concrete. In the s, a LP) engineer named Ernest Ransome was starting his own construction firm. Ransome noticed that reinforced concrete tended to crack, subsequently weakening significantly.
He decided to experiment with the reinforcement bars, using 2-inch iron rods to see if they'd bond with the concrete. The experiment was a success. Ransome then tried twisting the iron bars in accordance with the concrete's desired shape. It worked like a charm.
The engineer called his idea the Ransome system. Today we call it reinforcing bar, or rebar, and modern engineers typically use steel. Ransome's first rebar concrete building was the Arctic Oil Company Works warehouse in San Franciscocompleted in It was demolished around Ransome later built the Alvord Lake Bridgethe world's oldest surviving reinforced concrete structure, also in San Francisco.
Inconstruction was completed on the world's first concrete skyscraper, the story Ingalls Building in Cincinnati. Ransome himself was not involved in the skyscraper's construction, but it would not have been possible without his reinforcing bar method. Ransome's technology would outlive him.
Famed architect Volume Three (Vinyl Lloyd Wright paved the way for reinforced concrete's use in modern architecture. Because concrete is poured into a mold, it can be formed into shapes that even the most skilled masons could never achieve.
Working on a limited budget, the only design carved into the mold was a Mayan-inspired decoration along the top of the building. The concrete was poured into the mold and over the rebar very slowly and meticulously to ensure it would set smoothly. The construction took place from to Thanks to its use of reinforced concrete, Unity Temple is considered by many to be the world's first modern building.
Wright would become the United States' preeminent architect. He incorporated concrete into many of his designs, and in the material was used liberally in perhaps his most famous work: Fallingwater in Mill Run, Pennsylvania.
Fallingwater would not have been possible without Ransome's reinforced concrete. With several unsupported cantilevers, or projecting beams, only a material with incredibly high tensile strength would hold up. The idea behind Fallingwater was to seamlessly integrate humanity and nature, and Wright managed to do just that.
The building is a U. National Historic Landmark and considered one of the greatest works of American architecture in history. Ever since Ransome developed the perfect rebar, concrete has been used to build all types of monumental buildings and infrastructure works. Ina man named George Bartholomew built the first concrete street in Bellefontaine, Ohio. The Vienne River Bridge in Chatellerault, France, built inis one of the most famous reinforced concrete bridges in the world.
Canals, like the Panama Canalare also made of concrete. Factories, offices, and bunkers built during the World Wars all used concrete. The Hoover Damcompleted in to hold back the mighty Colorado River, contains 3. The American Interstate Highway System, which was built between andis also made of reinforced concrete.
Some of the toughest buildings in the world rely on a concrete foundation. Others, like the Sydney Opera Houseare considered symbols of their country. And yet even now, in this 21st century concrete jungle, there may be ways to improve the famed gray building material. Rebar made the modern world possible.
But in terms of longevity, reinforced concrete is no match for what the Romans used. Rebar oxidizes when the surrounding concrete cures. Over decades, it rusts. The rebar will expand enough to put cracks in the concrete. In general, modern concrete can last about a century without major repairs or replacement, according to Concrete Planet. The impressive tensile strength of many of our structures is only temporary, and maintaining them is costly. Seawater is particularly harmful to rebar, as the salt will corrode the steel within just five decades.
Water can seep in naturally as tiny holes and, eventually, small cracks form on a concrete structure. Freeze-and-thaw cycles leave cracks in concrete roads as well, and while spreading salt will deter ice formation, it harms the rebar just as seawater does.
If only we could replicate the Roman concrete of Sebastos Harbor, concrete fit for the Pantheon, the house of the gods. A recent report suggests it's possible. We know the volcanic ash pozzolana was fundamental to the strength of ancient Roman concrete, though we still have not pieced together the full recipe. In July, researchers announced they would use similar volcanic ash off the coast of California in an attempt to solve the ancient mystery. The goal is to reverse-engineer the process that created the most durable concrete in history.
Roman concrete is not just waterproof—it actually strengthens when in contact with seawater. Microscopic crystals are thought to grow in the ancient concrete when submerged in water, making it perfect for structures like Sebastos Harbor of ancient Israel.
Roman concrete has a weaker tensile strength than rebar concrete, as one might imagine, but its ability to stand up to erosion and weathering is unparalleled. A combination of Rome's secret concrete recipe and modern rebar engineering techniques could allow concrete to revolutionize infrastructure and architecture yet again.
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May 28, · History of British Rock Volume Three, a Various Artists Compilation. Released 27 October on Sire (catalog no. SASH; Vinyl 12")/5(4). This double-record album is the first of three volumes, ultimately four, released by Sire Records in the mid's. A diverse high-level overview of British Rock traversing the genre from early 60's to early 70's/5(4). VARIOUS ARTISTS The History Of Rock (Amazing UK complete set of all FORTY volumes of the Orbis Publishing 'History Of Rock', with each [mostly] double LP volume featuring a collection of classic recordings by the original artists from Elvis, through The Beatles, Rock, Glam, Punk & The Sex Pistols to Elvis Costello. Each volume has a similar style gatefold sleeve with extensive notes inside.
Mar 23, · In when I turned 20, I purchased "History of British Rock," due that they have The Honeycombs' hit song on this compilation. Alas, this collection brought memories back to me in the same manner as Marcel Proust's character taking a bite of the French cookie/5(40).
Released in the United Kingdom and published by Orbis Publishing Ltd, 20/22 Bedfordbury, London WC2N 4BT, as a companion music collection to The History Of Rock magazines. Inside the gatefold cover of SIRE Records' two-LP hit compilation, HISTORY OF BRITISH ROCK VOL. 2 (SASH/2) are bios for each vocalist or group. A back cover playlist has four horizontal columns of b&w artist photos. One of the finest collections of its kind, it gets a highest recommendation! SIDE ONE NOTES 1.)5/5(5).
By the third volume of The British Invasion: History of British Rock, the series' mixture of classic hits, English hits and obscurities should be familiar to any observer. Vol. 3 does follow the pattern that its two predecessors established, and while it doesn't have as many big hits as the first volume, it is the most interesting installment since Vol. 1.
View credits, reviews, tracks and shop for the Gatefold Sleeve Vinyl release of History Of British Rock Vol. 2 on Discogs. Label: Sire - SASH/2,Sire - SASH • Series: History Of British Rock • Format: 2x, Vinyl LP, Compilation Gatefold Sleeve • Country: US • Genre: Rock, Pop •. HISTORY OF BRITISH ROCK 2 LP RECORD SET VOL 3 Sire Records # Double album featuring Various Artists. Includes DAVID BOWIE, THE BEATLES, THE KINKS, DEREK AND THE DOMINOES, CREAM and others. Gatefold cover. Also still has its original insert. COVER: EX - (EXCELLENT MINUS): Very nice condition.
Inside the gatefold cover of SIRE Records' two-LP hit compilation, HISTORY OF BRITISH ROCK VOL. 2 (SASH/2) are bios for each vocalist or group. A back cover playlist has four horizontal columns of b&w artist photos. One of the finest collections of its kind, it gets a highest recommendation! SIDE ONE NOTES 1.)5/5(5).
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