East definition is - to, toward, or in the east. How to use east in a sentence. Aug 17, · By BEN LONERGAN East Oregonian. McLoughlin High School Class of Northwest News Oregon lawmakers vote to purchase PPE for cities and counties, over objections. SALEM — Oregon legislators. Keeper of Tradition Reveal. This afternoon, East unveiled Together Wichita's newest Keeper of the Plains: “Keeper of Tradition.” The statue was donated to the school by the East High Staff and was decorated by the school’s National Art Honor Society students. The theme was designed around five words: Home, Tradition, CARE, Excellence, and Diversity.
New England. Ancient and Medieval History. Get a little extra practice with this fun quiz featuring words from Common Core books! See Easter. Words related to east orientaleasterngerontogeous.
The History of Antiquity, Vol. I of VI Max Duncker. James Edmund Vincent. Archology and the Bible George A. The Cathedrals of Great Britain P. Symbol: E. Derived forms of East Easternadjective. How to use i. The Middle East is widely and most famously known as the Cradle of civilization. The region served as the intellectual and economic center of the Roman Empire and played an exceptionally important role due to its periphery on the Sassanid Empire.
From the 4th century CE onwards, the Middle East became the center of the two main powers at the time, the Byzantine empire and the Sassanid Empire.
However, it would be the later Arab Caliphates of the Middle Agesor Islamic Golden Age which began with the Arab conquest of the region in the 7th century AD, that would first unify the entire Middle East as a distinct region and create the dominant Islamic ethnic identity that largely but not exclusively persists today.
The 4 caliphates that dominated the Middle East for more than years were the Rashidun Caliphatethe Umayyad caliphatethe Abbasid caliphate and the Fatimid caliphate. The modern Middle East began after World War Iwhen the Ottoman Empire, which was allied with the Central Powerswas defeated by the British Empire and their allies and partitioned into a number of separate nations, initially under British and French Mandates.
Other defining events in this transformation included the establishment of Israel in and the eventual departure of European powers, notably Britain and France by the end of the s. They were supplanted in some part by the rising influence of the United States from the s onwards. In the 20th century, the region's significant stocks of crude oil gave it new strategic and economic importance.
During the Cold War, the Middle East was a theater of ideological struggle between the two superpowers and their allies: NATO and the United States on one side, East the Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact on the other, as they competed to influence regional allies. Besides the political reasons there was also the "ideological conflict" between the two systems. Moreover, as Louise Fawcett argues, among many important areas of contention, or perhaps more accurately of anxiety, were, first, the desires of the superpowers to gain strategic advantage in the region, second, the fact that the region contained some two-thirds of the world's oil reserves in a context where oil was becoming increasingly vital to the economy of the Western world [ Throughout the 20th and 21st centuries, the region has experienced both periods of relative peace and tolerance and periods of conflict particularly between Sunnis and Shiites.
Arabs constitute the largest ethnic group in the Middle East, followed by various Iranian peoples and then by Turkic speaking groups TurkishAzerisand Iraqi Turkmen. For the period between the s and s, the Arab states of the Persian Gulf in particular provided a rich source of employment for workers from Egypt, Yemen and the countries of the Levant, while Europe had attracted young workers from North African countries due both to proximity and the legacy of colonial ties between France and the majority of North African states.
Expatriates from Arab countries contribute to the circulation of financial and human capital in the region and thus significantly promote regional development. A fair proportion of those migrating from Arab nations are from ethnic and religious minorities facing racial and or religious persecution and are not necessarily ethnic Arabs, Iranians or Turks.
In Iran, many religious minorities such as ChristiansBaha'is and Zoroastrians have left since the Islamic Revolution of The Middle East is very diverse when it comes to religionsmany of which originated there. Islam is the largest religion in the Middle East, but other faiths that originated there, such as Judaism and Christianityare also well represented. Christians represent The five top languages, in terms of numbers of speakers, are ArabicPersianTurkishKurdishand Hebrew.
Arabic and East represent the Afro-Asiatic language family. Persian and Kurdish belong to the Indo-European language family. Turkish belongs to Turkic language family. About 20 minority languages are also spoken in the Middle East. Arabic, with all its dialects, are the most widely spoken languages in the Middle East, with Literary Arabic being official in all North African and in most West Asian countries.
Arabic dialects are also spoken in some adjacent areas in neighbouring Middle Eastern non-Arab countries. It is a member of the Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic languages. Another Semitic language such as Aramaic and its dialects are spoken mainly by Assyrians and Mandaeans.
There is also an Oasis Berber -speaking community in Egypt where the language is also known as Siwa. It is a non-Semitic Afro-Asiatic language. Persian is the second most spoken language, East. While it is primarily spoken in Iran and some border areas in neighbouring countries, the country is one of the region's largest and most populous. It belongs to the Indo-Iranian branch of the family of Indo-European languages.
Other Western Iranic languages spoken in the region include AchomiDaylamiKurdish dialects, SemmaniLurishamongst many others. The third-most widely spoken language, Turkishis largely confined to Turkey, which is also one of the region's largest and most populous countries, but it is present in areas in neighboring countries. It is a member of the Turkic languageswhich have their origins in Central Asia.
Another Turkic language, Azerbaijaniis spoken by Azerbaijanis in Iran. Hebrew is one of the two official languages of Israelthe other being Arabic. English is one of the official languages of Akrotiri and Dhekelia. French is taught and used in many government facilities and media in Lebanonand is taught in some primary and secondary schools of Egypt and Syria. Maltesea Semitic language mainly spoken in Europe, is also used by the Franco-Maltese diaspora in Egypt.
Armenian and Greek speakers are also to be found in the region. Georgian is spoken by the Georgian diaspora. Russian is spoken by a large portion of the Israeli population, because of emigration in the late s.
Circassian is also spoken by the diaspora in the region and by almost all Circassians in Israel who speak Hebrew and English as well. Overall, as of [update]according to the CIA World Factbook, all nations in the Middle East are maintaining a positive rate of growth.
The economic structure of Middle Eastern nations are different in the sense that while some nations are heavily dependent on export of only oil and oil-related products such as Saudi Arabia, the UAE and Kuwaitothers have a highly diverse economic base such as Cyprus, Israel, Turkey and Egypt. Industries of the Middle Eastern region include oil and oil-related products, agriculture, cotton, cattle, dairy, textiles, leather products, surgical instruments, defence equipment guns, ammunition, tanks, submarines, fighter jets, UAVs, and missiles.
Banking is also an important sector of the economies, especially in the case of UAE and Bahrain. With the exception of Cyprus, Turkey, Egypt, Lebanon and Israel, tourism has been a relatively undeveloped area of the economy, in part because of the socially conservative nature of the region as well as political turmoil in certain regions of the Middle East.
In recent years, however, countries such as the UAE, Bahrain, and Jordan have begun attracting greater numbers of tourists because of improving tourist facilities and the relaxing of tourism-related restrictive policies. The total regional unemployment rate inaccording to the International Labour Organizationwas Inthe MENA region emitted 3. Recognised by the United NationsThe World Bank and the World Health Organisation as one of the greatest global challenges in the 21st century, climate change is currently having an unprecedented effect upon the Earth's natural systems.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Middle East disambiguation. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable East.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. UN member states UN observer state 1. Disputed 1. External 1. Internal 3. Disputed 2. UN Buffer Zones 2. Cairo Tehran Istanbul Baghdad Riyadh. Play media. For a more comprehensive list, see List of Middle Eastern countries by population. Main article: History of the Middle East. This section needs additional citations for verification. December Learn how and when to remove this template message.
Main article: Demographics of the Middle East. See also: Largest metropolitan areas of the Middle East. Main article: Ethnic groups in the Middle East.
Main article: Religion in the Middle East. This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. December Abu Dhabi — United Arab Emirates. Dubai — United Arab Emirates. Jerusalem — Israel. Kuwait City — Kuwait. Muscat — Oman. Ramallah — Palestine. Sana'a — Yemen. Asia portal Africa portal Geography portal.
Suwaed, Muhammad. Archived from the original on 24 April Retrieved 26 May Middle East Studies. The Middle East and the West. A Peace to end all Peace. New York: The Free Press, Retrieved January 10, Foreign Affairs.
Westview Press. The New York Times. August 14, Archived from the original on October 15, Retrieved New York: Basic Books, East Reflections ". Archived from the original on 8 October Please quote or refer only to the published article" "The expression Middle East is an old British label based on a British Western perception of the East divided into middle or near and far".
City University of New York. Archived from the original on The Middle East: Geography and Geopolitics. International Monetary Fund. Retrieved May 14, April Middle East Review of International Affairs. Archived PDF from the original on 21 August
Eastbay empowers athletes by offering the best selection of pro-grade gear available, along with the knowledge and advice needed to win on and off the field. The East Mississippi Community College Department of Athletics, with the support of the East Mississippi Community College Board of Trustees individually elected not to participate in fall football should the Mississippi Association of Community Colleges Conference begin league play Oct. 1 as previously announced. East Central College serves the needs of those in the college district and service region by providing quality educational programs and services.
Jun 28, · The protagonist is a young woman working for a top private security company in the Washington DC beltway on behalf of those corporations. She's assigned to infiltrate an anarchist group called "The East" to prevent damage to her company's corporate clients/10(K).
East BayTimes is the leading source of breaking news, local news, sports, entertainment, lifestyle and opinion for Contra Costa County, Alameda County, Oakland and beyond. Eastern Florida State College in Brevard County, FL offers hundreds of programs, including bachelor's and associate's degrees, workforce certificate training programs and other educational opportunities.
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Denver East High School, located in the heart of the Capital of Colorado, has 2, students, many of whom are learning Spanish as a second language thanks to Jennifer Wetzig. Though she is young, she has already mastered the art of engaging students and making her class impactful for all. Aug 01, · a cardinal point of the compass, 90° to the right of north.
Aug 01, · a cardinal point of the compass, 90° to the right of north.
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