View credits, reviews, tracks and shop for the CD release of Outer Space on Discogs/5(10). Outer Space, an album by The Tassilli Players on SpotifyReleased on: The Tassilli Players Outer Space. Add to Custom List. Add to My Collection. AllMusic Rating. User Ratings (0) Your Rating. User Reviews.
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Get free delivery with Amazon Prime. Back to top. Get to Know Us. Amazon Payment Products. English Choose a language for shopping. Amazon Music Stream millions of songs. These plasmas form a medium from which storm-like disturbances powered by the solar wind can drive electrical currents into the Earth's upper atmosphere.
Geomagnetic storms can disturb two regions of geospace, the radiation belts and the ionosphere. These storms increase fluxes of energetic electrons that can permanently damage satellite electronics, interfering with shortwave radio communication and GPS location and timing. They also create aurorae seen at high latitudes in an oval surrounding the geomagnetic poles. Some of this debris re-enters Earth's atmosphere periodically.
The region outside Earth's atmosphere and extending out to just beyond the Moon's orbitOuter Space - Tassilli Players - Outer Space (Vinyl), including the Lagrangian pointsis sometimes referred to as cislunar space. The region of space where Earth's gravity remains dominant against gravitational perturbations from the Sun is called the Hill sphere. Deep space has different definitions as to where it starts. It has been defined by the United States government and others as any region beyond cislunar space.
Interplanetary space is defined by the solar wind, a continuous stream of charged particles emanating from the Sun that creates a very tenuous atmosphere the heliosphere for billions of kilometers into space.
The volume of interplanetary space is a nearly total vacuum, with a mean free path of about one astronomical unit at the orbital distance of the Earth. This space is not completely empty, and is sparsely filled with cosmic rays, which include ionized atomic nuclei and various subatomic particles.
There is also gas, plasma and dust,  small meteorsand several dozen types of organic molecules discovered to date by microwave spectroscopy. Interplanetary space contains the magnetic field generated by the Sun. These are shaped by the influence of the solar wind into the approximation of a teardrop shape, with the long tail extending outward behind the planet.
These magnetic fields can trap particles from the solar wind and other sources, creating belts of charged particles such as the Van Allen radiation belts. Planets without magnetic fields, such as Mars, have their atmospheres gradually eroded by the solar wind.
Interstellar space is the physical space within a galaxy beyond the influence each star has upon the encompassed plasma. This is enriched with trace amounts of heavier atoms formed through stellar nucleosynthesis.
These atoms are ejected into the interstellar medium by stellar winds or when evolved stars begin to shed their outer envelopes such as during the formation of a planetary nebula. A number of molecules exist in interstellar space, as can tiny 0.
Large regions of higher density matter known as molecular clouds allow chemical reactions to occur, including the formation of organic polyatomic species. Much of this chemistry is driven by collisions.
Energetic cosmic rays penetrate the cold, dense clouds and ionize hydrogen and helium, resulting, for example, in the trihydrogen cation. An ionized helium atom can then split relatively abundant carbon monoxide to produce ionized carbon, which in turn can lead to organic chemical reactions. This volume nearly coincides with a region of space known as the Local Bubblewhich is characterized by a lack of dense, cold clouds. It forms a cavity in the Orion Arm of the Milky Way galaxy, with dense molecular clouds lying along the borders, such as those in the constellations of Ophiuchus and Taurus.
This volume contains about 10 4 —10 5 stars and the local interstellar gas counterbalances the astrospheres that surround these stars, with the volume of each sphere varying depending on the local density of the interstellar medium. When stars are moving at sufficiently high peculiar velocitiestheir astrospheres can generate bow shocks as they collide with the interstellar medium.
For decades it was assumed that the Sun had a bow shock. Instead, these authors argue that a subsonic bow wave defines the transition from the solar wind flow to the interstellar medium. Intergalactic space is the physical space between galaxies.
Studies of the large scale distribution of galaxies show that the Universe has a foam-like structure, with groups and clusters of galaxies lying along filaments that occupy about a tenth of the total space. The remainder forms huge voids that are mostly empty of galaxies. Surrounding and stretching between galaxies, there is a rarefied plasma  that is organized in a galactic filamentary structure.
The density of the IGM is 5— times the average density of the Universe. At these Outer Space - Tassilli Players - Outer Space (Vinyl), it is called the warm—hot intergalactic medium WHIM. Although the plasma is very hot by terrestrial standards, 10 5 K is often called "warm" in astrophysics. Computer simulations and observations indicate that up to half of the atomic matter in the Universe might exist in this warm—hot, rarefied state.
A spacecraft enters orbit when its centripetal acceleration due to gravity is less than or equal to the centrifugal acceleration due to the horizontal component of its velocity. To achieve an orbit, a spacecraft must travel faster than a sub-orbital spaceflight. The rate of orbital decay depends on the satellite's cross-sectional area and mass, as well as variations in the air density of the upper atmosphere. There is no clear boundary between Earth's atmosphere and space, as the density of the atmosphere gradually decreases as the altitude increases.
There are several standard boundary designations, namely:. The Outer Space Treaty provides the basic framework for international space law. It covers the legal use of outer space by nation states, and includes in its definition of outer space the Moon and other celestial bodies.
The treaty states that outer space is free for all nation states to explore and is not subject to claims of national sovereignty. It also prohibits the deployment of nuclear weapons in outer space.
As ofstate parties have either ratified or acceded to the treaty. An additional 25 states signed the treaty, without ratifying it. Sinceouter space has been the subject of multiple United Nations resolutions. Of these, more than 50 have been concerning the international co-operation in the peaceful uses of outer space and preventing an arms race in space.
Still, there remains no legal prohibition against deploying conventional weapons in space, and anti-satellite weapons have been successfully tested by the US, USSR, China,  and inIndia  The Moon Treaty turned the jurisdiction of all heavenly bodies including the orbits around such bodies over to the international community.
The treaty has not been ratified by any nation that currently practices manned spaceflight. In BCE, Greek philosopher Aristotle suggested that nature abhors a vacuuma principle that became known as the horror vacui. This concept built upon a 5th-century BCE ontological argument by the Greek philosopher Parmenideswho denied the possible existence of a void in space. In ancient Chinathe 2nd-century astronomer Zhang Heng became convinced that space must be infinite, extending well beyond the mechanism that supported the Sun and the stars.
Likewise, the "sun, moon, and the company of stars float in the empty space, moving or standing still". The Italian scientist Galileo Galilei knew that air had mass and so was subject to gravity. Inhe demonstrated that an established force resisted the formation of a vacuum. It would remain for his pupil Evangelista Torricelli to create an apparatus that would produce a partial vacuum in This experiment resulted in the first mercury barometer and created a scientific sensation in Europe.
The French mathematician Blaise Pascal reasoned that if the column of mercury was supported by air, then the column ought to be shorter at higher altitude where the air pressure is lower.
This decrease in pressure was further demonstrated by carrying a half-full balloon up a mountain and watching it gradually expand, then contract upon descent. InGerman scientist Otto von Guericke constructed the first vacuum pump: a device that would further refute the principle of horror vacui.
He correctly noted that the atmosphere of the Earth surrounds the planet like a shell, with the density gradually declining with altitude. He concluded that there must be a vacuum between the Earth and the Moon. Back in the 15th century, German theologian Nicolaus Cusanus speculated that the Universe lacked a center and a circumference. He believed that the Universe, while not infinite, could not be held as finite as it lacked any bounds within which it could be contained.
He extended the Copernican Outer Space - Tassilli Players - Outer Space (Vinyl) cosmology to the concept of an infinite Universe filled with a substance he called aetherwhich did not resist the motion of heavenly bodies. The concept of Outer Space - Tassilli Players - Outer Space (Vinyl) Universe filled with a luminiferous aether retained support among some scientists until the early 20th century.
This form of aether was viewed as the medium through which light could propagate. The null result indicated something was wrong with the concept. The idea of the luminiferous aether was then abandoned. It was replaced by Albert Einstein 's theory of special relativitywhich holds that the speed of light in a vacuum is a fixed constant, independent of the observer's motion or frame of reference.
The first professional astronomer to support the concept of an infinite Universe was the Englishman Thomas Digges in He showed that the star system 61 Cygni had a parallax of just 0.
This corresponds to a distance of over 10 light years. Guillaume in British physicist Arthur Eddington made a similar calculation to derive a temperature of 3. German physicist Erich Regener used the total measured energy of cosmic rays to estimate an intergalactic temperature of 2. Wells in For most of human history, space was explored by observations made from the Earth's surface—initially with Outer Space - Tassilli Players - Outer Space (Vinyl) unaided eye and then with the telescope.
Before reliable rocket technology, the closest that humans had come to reaching outer space was through balloon flights. Inthe U. The first spacecraft to reach escape velocity was the Soviet Luna 1which performed a fly-by of the Moon in It revealed the presence of the solar wind and performed the first fly-by of Venusalthough contact was lost before reaching Venus.
The first successful planetary mission was the fly-by of Venus by Mariner 2. Since that time, unmanned spacecraft have successfully examined each of the Solar System's planets, as well their moons and many minor planets and comets.
They remain a fundamental Outer Space - Tassilli Players - Outer Space (Vinyl) for the exploration of outer space, as well as for observation of the Earth. The absence of air makes outer space an ideal location for astronomy at all wavelengths of the electromagnetic spectrum. The interplanetary zodiacal dust emits a diffuse near-infrared radiation that can mask the emission of faint sources such as extrasolar planets.
Moving an infrared telescope out past the dust increases its effectiveness. Unmanned spacecraft in Earth orbit are an essential technology of modern civilization.
They allow direct monitoring of weather conditionsrelay long-range communications like television, provide a means of precise navigationand allow remote sensing of the Earth. The latter role serves a wide variety of purposes, including tracking soil moisture for agriculture, prediction of water outflow from seasonal snow packs, detection of diseases in plants and trees, and surveillance of military activities.
The deep vacuum of space could make it an attractive environment for certain industrial processes, such as those requiring ultraclean surfaces.
Partially reusable rockets such as the Falcon 9 have lowered access to space below dollars per kilogram. With these new rockets the cost to send materials into space remains prohibitively high for many industries.
Proposed concepts for addressing this issue include, fully reusable launch systemsnon-rocket spacelaunchmomentum exchange tethersand space elevators. Interstellar travel for a human crew remains at present only a theoretical possibility. The distances to the nearest stars mean it would require new technological developments and the ability to safely sustain crews for journeys lasting several decades.
For example, the Daedalus Project study, which proposed a spacecraft powered by the fusion of deuterium and helium-3would require 36 years to reach the "nearby" Alpha Centauri system. Other proposed interstellar propulsion systems include light sailsramjetsand beam-powered propulsion.
More advanced propulsion systems could use antimatter as a fuel, potentially reaching relativistic velocities. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Outer space disambiguation. Void between celestial bodies.
Main article: Big Bang. See also: Planetary habitability. See also: AstrobiologyAstrobotanyPlants in spaceAnimals in spaceEffect of spaceflight on the human bodyBioastronauticsand Weightlessness.
Main article: Interplanetary medium. Main article: Interstellar medium. For the album, see Interstellar Space. Main articles: Warm—hot intergalactic mediumIntracluster mediumand Intergalactic dust. Main article: Geocentric orbit.
Sesame Street: Outer Space ABC's by Sesame Street. Sesame Street: Twinkle Twinkle Little Star by Sesame Street. Sesame Street: I Don't Want to Live on the Moon by Sesame Street. Sesame Street: Martians Find the Earth by Sesame Street.
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Nov 27, · NASA launched this record into space in Now, you can own your own copy. It did not include a record player. which raised nearly $ million to issue a limited number of copies on vinyl. View credits, reviews, tracks and shop for the Vinyl release of Outer Space on Discogs. Label: Flying Nun Records - FN,Festival Records NZ - K • Format: Vinyl 7 3Ds - Outer Space (, Vinyl) | Discogs.
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